6.21 — Extent of manifestation

Contents:

6.21.1 Element information

6.21.1.1 Link to RDA Toolkit

6.21.1.2 Sources of information

6.21.2 RDA definition and scope

6.21.2.1 A number and type of unit or subunit of a manifestation.

6.21.4 Extent of text

6.21.42 Manifestations in one physical unit

6.21.421 General rule

6.21.421.1 Record every leaf in the volume or other physical unit as issued by the publisher, including leaves of text, leaves of plates, and blank leaves. Do not record leaves added as part of the binding or the binding itself.

6.21.421.2 Record the complete number of pages, leaves, or columns in accordance with the terminology suggested by the volume (or other physical unit) itself. For a volume with leaves numbered on both sides, or with leaves unnumbered and printed on both sides, record the extent in pages. For a volume with leaves numbered on one side only, or with leaves unnumbered and printed on one side only, record the extent in leaves. If the leaves are numbered on one side but printed on both sides, record this fact in a Note on extent of manifestation (see 6.215.421.2). For a volume with more than one numbered column to the page, record the extent in columns. If a manifestation contains sequences in more than one kind of numbering, record each sequence in its appropriate term as pages, leaves, or columns.

Example:
Extent of manifestation: 48 leaves
Note on extent of manifestation: Numbered leaves with text on both sides

Example:
Extent of manifestation: [8], 260, [2] leaves
Note on extent of manifestation: Numbered leaves with text on both sides

6.21.421.3 Record the number on the last numbered page or leaf of each numbered sequence as the basic statement of extent, with any necessary additions according to relevant rules, e.g., 6.21.4225.1, for the addition of unnumbered pages or leaves. Record arabic and roman numerals as they appear in the manifestation. Record roman numerals uppercase or lowercase as they appear. If the pages or leaves are lettered rather than numbered, record the first and last letters followed by the word indicating pages or leaves. Use arabic numerals to designate pages, etc. that are numbered in words or in characters other than arabic or roman numerals and always make an explanatory Note on extent of manifestation (see 6.215.421.3).

Example:
xvi, 17-328 pages

6.21.421.4 If the leaves are all or chiefly non-letterpress, record them as leaves or pages of text rather than as leaves or pages of plates as in 6.21.426. Always record that the leaves are non-letterpress in Details of production method (see 6.275.3.1).

Example:
Extent of manifestation: LXXVI leaves
Details of production method: Engraved

Example:
Extent of manifestation: [1], 13 leaves
Details of production method: Engraved, with a letterpress title page

Example:
Extent of manifestation: 28 leaves
Details of production method: Wholly engraved

6.21.422 Normally imposed single sheets

6.21.422.1 For a normally imposed single-folded (i.e., four-page) sheet, record the statement of extent in the same manner as for a volume. Apply this rule even if only one of the four pages is printed. Record the presence of blank pages as a Note on extent of manifestation (see 6.215.422.1).

Example:
Extent of manifestation: 1, [3] pages
Note on extent of manifestation: Last three pages are blank

Example:
Extent of manifestation: [4] pages
Note on extent of manifestation: Folded single sheet; last three pages are blank

See 6.21.42856.21.429 for all other single-sheet manifestations.

6.21.4225 Unnumbered pages or leaves

6.21.4225.1 Count unnumbered sequences of pages or leaves according to the terms used to describe the rest of the manifestation or the part of the manifestation with which they are associated. In ambiguous cases count them as leaves when they are all printed on one side only; otherwise count them as pages. If the gatherings are discernible, include in the count blank leaves at the beginning of the first gathering or at the end of the final gathering when they are present in an item in hand or known to be present in other exemplars of the manifestation. Record the presence of such blank leaves in Note on extent of manifestation (see 6.215.423.1). Do not count possibly blank leaves wanting according to signature count and not known to exist in other exemplars. Record unnumbered pages or leaves by enclosing the total number in the sequence within square brackets.

Example:
[4], 52 pages

Example:
[6], 321, [1] pages

Example:
iv, [40], 328 pages

Example:
284 leaves, [17] pages

6.21.4225.2 Consider numbered sequences to include unnumbered pages or leaves falling logically within the sequence, counting back from the recorded number to 1.

Example:
[2], 40 pages
(Comment: Pages are numbered 3-40 with four unnumbered pages at the beginning)

but

[2], 5-40 pages
(Comment: Pages are numbered 5-40 with two unnumbered pages at the beginning; there is no evidence that any leaves are missing)

6.21.4225.3 Record unnumbered blank pages or blank leaves interrupting a numbered sequence by enclosing the number of unnumbered pages or leaves in square brackets between page or leaf numbers where the interruption occurs.

Example:
200, [8], 201-232 pages

Example:
42, [2], 43-145, [3], 147-161, [3], 163-180, [6] pages

6.21.423 Errata leaves

6.21.423.1 Include errata leaves (but not errata slips) in the extent statement whether or not they are conjugate with another leaf of the manifestation. Always record the presence of errata leaves and errata slips as Supplementary content (see 9.33.31.1).

Example:
Extent of manifestation: [2], 46, [2] pages
Supplementary content: Errata on page [47]

6.21.4235 Advertisements

6.21.4235.1 Record pages containing only advertisements if those pages are included in the same pagination sequence as the text printed on the pages of an initial or final gathering also containing leaves or pages of text, printed on a separate gathering in a manifestation that is continuously signed, connected by a catchword, or otherwise integral to the manifestation.

6.21.4235.2 Record the presence of pages that contain only advertisements as Supplementary content (see 9.33.3.1).

Example:
Extent of manifestation: iv, 188, [2] pages
Supplementary content: Publisher’s advertisements on [2] pages at end

Example:
Extent of manifestation: [52], 156, [4] pages
Supplementary content: Publisher’s advertisements on [4] pages at end

6.21.4235.3 Describe advertisements that do not fall into any of these categories as Modification of item if considered important (see 9.41.3.2).

6.21.424 Multiple sequences of numbering

6.21.424.1 If the form of numbering within a sequence changes (e.g., from roman to arabic numerals), record each differently numbered part of the sequence. If unnumbered pages appear between the two forms of numbering, record the total number of unnumbered pages in arabic numerals within square brackets.

Example:
xvi, 17-328 pages

Example:
xv, [2], 18-328 pages

6.21.424.2 If the manifestation has duplicate sequences of paging, as is sometimes the case with manifestations having parallel texts, record both pagings and make an explanatory Note on extent of manifestation (see 6.215.424.1).

Example:
Extent of manifestation: xii, [1], 35, 35, [1] pages
Note on extent of manifestation: Opposite pages bear duplicate numbering

Example:
Extent of manifestation: [3], 2-11, 2-11, 12 pages, 13-19, 21 leaves, 22-44, [1] pages
Note on extent of manifestation: Page numbers 2-11 are duplicated on facing pages; 13-18 and 21 are folding letterpress tables, numbered as leaves; pages 22-44 start numbering on recto and are conventionally numbered

Example:
Extent of manifestation: [1], vii, vii, [2], vii, vii, 95, 95, 94-131, 94-131, [3] pages
Note on extent of manifestation: Text in English and French on opposite pages, numbered in duplicate

6.21.424.3 If a volume has groups of pages numbered in opposite directions, as is sometimes the case with manifestations having texts in two languages, record the pagings of the various sections in order, starting from the title page or other preferred source of information selected for the description.

Example:
Extent of manifestation: [32] pages
Note on extent of manifestation: German and French bound back to back and inverted (tête-bêche format)

Example:
Extent of manifestation: [8], 334, [2], 32 pages
Note on extent of manifestation: “Prima elementa linguae Syriacae Iesu-Christo vernaculae … per Iohannem Gasbarum Myricaeum Themarensem Hennembergico-Francum,” 32 pages at end, has separate title page and is bound back-to-front. Title in Syriac precedes Latin title

6.21.424.4 If a volume has pagination of its own and also bears the pagination of a larger resource of which it is a part, record the paging of the individual volume. Record the pagination of the larger sequence in a Note on extent of manifestation (see 6.215.424.2).

Example:
Extent of manifestation: 16 pages
Note on extent of manifestation: Pages 4-16 also numbered 196-208

6.21.424.5 If the pages, leaves, or columns of a manifestation are numbered as part of a larger sequence (e.g., one volume of a multipart publication), record the number of the first and the last numbered page, leaf, or column, preceded by the appropriate term.

Example:
Extent of manifestation: pages [1], 432-488
(Comment: An offprint from Memoirs of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Manchester, volume 4, part 2, Manchester, 1796)

6.21.424.6 If a manifestation contains multiple sequences of numbered or unnumbered pages, leaves, or columns, preferably record all of the sequences in the form and sequence presented.

Example:
xiv pages, xv-xlii, 496 columns, [1], 498-534, [2] pages

Example:
[14], 196 pages, 197-200 leaves, 200, [8], 201-569, [3], 573-599, 596-654, 657-706, [20] pages

If it is not practical to record all the sequences (e.g., if they are exceedingly numerous), then employ one of the following methods:

a) Record the total number of pages, leaves, or columns followed by “in various pagings,” “in various foliations,” or “in various numberings”

b) Record the number of pages, leaves, or columns in the main sequence and the total number of the remaining variously numbered or unnumbered sequences

Example:
77, [3] pages, [50] leaves of plates (in various foliations)

c) As a last resort, record the physical unit in which the manifestation was issued (volume, case, or portfolio) followed by “(various pagings),” “(various foliations),” or “(various numberings)”

If one of these methods is employed, record all of the sequences in a Note on extent of manifestation if considered important (see 6.215.424.3).

6.21.4245 Expansions or corrections

6.21.4245.1 Make a Note on extent of manifestation giving more precise information about pagination or foliation, blank pages or leaves, or other aspects of collation if considered important (see 6.215.421.1).

6.21.4245.2 If the number of the last numbered page, leaf, or column of a sequence does not indicate the correct number of pages, etc., either record the sequences exactly to indicate the source of the error or record the number as given in the manifestation and supply a correction. When correcting misleading numbering, record the numbering as it appears on the last page or leaf followed by “that is,” and the correct number in square brackets. Provide an explanatory Note on extent of manifestation if considered important (see 6.215.4245.1).

Example:
Extent of manifestation: 564 [that is, 56] leaves
Note on extent of manifestation: Leaf 56 wrongly numbered 564

If the manifestation is numbered as leaves, but printed as pages, record the numbering as leaves. Do not correct the numbering (see 6.21.421.2).

6.21.425 Lack of numbering

6.21.425.1 If the whole volume is unpaginated or unfoliated, count the pages or leaves and record the total in arabic numerals within square brackets. State the total in terms of pages or leaves, but not of both. Begin the count with the first page or leaf of the first gathering and end the count with the last page or leaf of the last gathering, as instructed in 6.21.4225.1. Count all blank pages or leaves.

Example:
[94] pages

6.21.425.2 Optionally, if determining the total number of pages or leaves of an unnumbered volume might damage an item in fragile condition, give one of the designations used for manifestations issued in more than one physical unit (see 6.21.431.1) followed by “unpaged” or “unfoliated.”

6.21.426 Leaves or pages of plates

6.21.426.1 Record the number of leaves or pages of plates at the end of the sequence(s) of pagination or foliation, whether the plates are found together or distributed throughout the manifestation. Record the number even when there is only one plate. For a plate folded and bound at the inner margin see 6.21.4275. Count unnumbered leaves or pages of plates without regard for the terms used to describe the rest of the manifestation (accordingly, leaves of plates may follow sequences of pages and pages of plates may follow sequences of leaves).

Example:
viii, 132 pages, iv pages of plates

Example:
x, 32, [2] pages, xxii leaves of plates

Example:
[12] pages, 924 columns, [129], 432, [18], 43 pages, 44-77 columns, [6], 90-160, [6] pages, [1] leaf of plates

6.21.426.2 In general, record the exact number of leaves or pages of plates. If it is not practical to record all the sequences (e.g., if they are exceedingly numerous), record an estimated number.

Example:
viii, 298 pages, approximately 55 leaves of plates

6.21.426.3 If a volume contains a mixture of unnumbered leaves and pages of plates, record the number either in terms of leaves or of pages. Record unnumbered pages or leaves by enclosing the total number in the sequence within square brackets.

Example:
[12] pages, [24] pages of plates, [2] leaves of plates

Example:
[2], ii, ii, 11, [5] pages, [50] leaves of plates

6.21.426.4 Count title pages (and added title pages) as leaves or pages of plates if they are entirely or chiefly non-letterpress (e.g., engraved or lithographed) and not integral to any letterpress gatherings. Always make a Note on extent of manifestation to indicate any title page counted as a plate (see 6.215.426.1).

Example:
Extent of manifestation: 112 pages, [1] leaf of plates
Note on extent of manifestation: Plate has engraved title page on recto and blank verso

6.21.426.5 As a last resort, if a manifestation’s gatherings cannot be ascertained, or it is otherwise difficult to tell whether a leaf constitutes a plate, record it in terms of pages or leaves of plates if unnumbered and pages or leaves of text if included in the numbering sequence of the text.

6.21.427 Folded leaves

6.21.427.1 Record folded leaves as leaves or pages of plates. Count a plate folded and bound at the inner margin as two leaves of plates. Make a Note on extent of manifestation to indicate any folded letterpress leaves if considered important (see 6.215.427.1).

Example:
[8], 30, [8], 31-213, [3] pages, [3] folded leaves of plates

Example:
183, [1] pages, [9] leaves of plates (7 folded)

Example:
x, 395 pages, approximately 70 leaves of plates (some folded)

Example:
Extent of manifestation: [10], 199 [that is, 203], [33] pages, [3] folded leaves of plates
Note on extent of manifestation: The folded leaves are letterpress tables not included in signature statement

6.21.4275 Double leaves

6.21.4275.1 Count numbered double leaves (leaves with fold at either top or fore edge and bound at the inner margin) as pages or as leaves according to their numbering. Count unnumbered double leaves as pages (two printed pages per double leaf) or as leaves (one printed page per double leaf). Always record the presence of double leaves in a Note on extent of manifestation (see 6.215.4275.1).

Example:
Extent of manifestation: [2], 86, [2] pages
Note on extent of manifestation: Printed on double leaves, with uncut fold at the fore edge

Example:
Extent of manifestation: [4], 28 pages, [86] leaves of plates
Note on extent of manifestation: Some plates printed on double leaves

6.21.428 Incomplete manifestations

6.21.428.1 If a volume, or an individual sequence of pages or leaves within a volume, lacks pages or leaves at its end—or an unpaginated or unfoliated volume or sequence lacks any pages or leaves—and the paging or foliation of a complete exemplar of the manifestation cannot be ascertained, record the number of the last numbered or unnumbered page, leaf, or column using the appropriate term followed by ”(incomplete).” If pages or leaves appear to be missing from both the first and last part of the volume, and the extent of the complete volume cannot be ascertained, record the first and last numbers of the pages, leaves, or columns preceded by the appropriate term. Record in a Note on extent of manifestation that the extent is based on an incomplete exemplar (see 6.215.428.1). Record the imperfection in a Note on extent of item (see 9.43.3.2).

Example:
Extent of manifestation: 142 pages (incomplete)
Note on extent of manifestation: Extent based on incomplete copy
(Comment: No other known copy found)

6.21.4285 Sheets, rolls, cases, portfolios, etc.

6.21.4285.1 For a manifestation in a single physical unit other than a volume (e.g., a sheet, a roll, a case, or a portfolio), use an appropriate designation (“sheet,” etc.) preceded by the arabic numeral 1. Record a statement of pagination or foliation in parentheses following the designation.

Example:
1 portfolio (34 pages, 25 folded sheets)

If the portfolio or case was not issued with the resource, record the extent in terms of pages, leaves, columns, sheets, or volumes as appropriate. In situations of uncertainty, assume that the portfolio or case was not issued with the resource. Record the presence of the case or portfolio in a Note on extent of item if considered important (see 9.43.3.3).

6.21.429 Single-sheet manifestations

6.21.429.1 For a manifestation consisting of a single sheet designed to be used unfolded (whether issued folded or unfolded), add a statement of pagination based on the number of pages printed, not counting blanks, in parentheses.

Example:
1 sheet (2 pages)
(Comment: Sheet of any size printed on both sides, numbered)

Example:
1 sheet ([2] pages)
(Comment: Sheet of any size printed on both sides, unnumbered)

Example:
1 sheet (3 pages)
(Comment: Folded sheet with title and colophon printed as two pages on “outside”; all text printed as one page occupying the entire “inside”)

Example:
1 sheet (1 page)
(Comment: Broadside or other sheet printed on one side, numbered)

Example:
1 sheet ([1] page)
(Comment: Broadside or other sheet printed on one side, unnumbered)

6.21.429.2 For a manifestation consisting of a single sheet folded into multiple panels, record the number of physical panels on one side of the sheet when unfolded. Include both blank panels and panels containing text or illustrations in the count. Enclose the number in square brackets if the panels are unnumbered. Record features of the sheet’s layout (including the numbering of the panels) in Details of layout if considered important (see 6.215.423.1).

Example:
Extent of manifestation: 1 folded sheet ([18] panels)
Details of layout: A folded sheet with eighteen panels on each side when unfolded. All panels are unnumbered

Example:
Extent of manifestation: 1 folded sheet ([4] panels)
Details of layout: A folded sheet with four panels on each side. The “outside” contains a title panel, two panels of text, and a “Guide map” or street map on the fourth panel. The “inside” contains a plat map of the property being auctioned spread over all four panels. 44 x 71 cm, folded to 36 x 22 cm

Example:
Extent of manifestation: 1 folded sheet ([4] panels)
Details of layout: A folded sheet with four panels on each side; 17 x 40 cm, folded to 17 x 10 cm

For a normally imposed single-folded (i.e., four-page) sheet see 6.21.422.1.

6.21.43 Manifestations in more than one physical unit

6.21.431 General rule

6.21.431.1 If a manifestation is issued in more than one physical unit, record the number of physical units in arabic numerals followed by the appropriate designation for the unit (e.g., “volumes”). Prefer terminology from the RDA Value Vocabularies: RDA Carrier Type (see also 6.21.421.2).

6.21.431.2 If a manifestation has been issued in fascicles intended to be bound into one or more physical units, record the number of pages, leaves, or volumes appropriate to its final form. Always make a Note on extent of manifestation to indicate that it was issued in fascicles (see 6.215.431.1).

6.21.431.3 If the number of physical units in which a manifestation is bound differs from the number in which it was actually issued, record this fact in a Note on extent of item if considered important (see 9.43.3.4).

6.21.434 Bibliographic volumes vs. physical volumes

6.21.434.1 If the number of bibliographic volumes differs from the number of physical volumes, record the number of physical volumes. Always make a Note on extent of manifestation indicating the number of bibliographic volumes (see 6.215.434.1).

6.21.435 Pagination continuous

6.21.435.1 If the pagination of a manifestation in more than one physical unit is continuous, record the number of pages, leaves, or columns in parentheses after the number of units.

Example:
4 volumes ([4], 30, 32-33, 848, 835-1643, [1] pages, [1] leaf of plates)

Example:
2 volumes (vi, 200, [4] pages, CCC leaves of plates)

6.21.435.2 If there are separately paged sequences of preliminary matter in volumes other than the first, record the number of volumes and omit the pagination.

6.21.436 Pagination not continuous

6.21.436.1 Optionally, if the pagination of a manifestation in more than one physical unit is not continuous, record the number of pages, leaves, or columns of each unit either in parentheses after the number of units or in a Note on extent of manifestation (see 6.215.436.1). Separate the counts for individual units with semicolons.

Example:
4 volumes ([4], 527, [1]; 12, 548; 8, 533, [3]; 4, 499, [1] pages)

Example:
2 volumes (4, lvi, 265 [that is, 267], [1] pages, [1] leaf of plates; [6], 3-294 pages, [4] leaves of plates)

Example:
4 volumes (vi, [2], 590 pages, [2] leaves of plates; [4], 493, [1] pages, [2] leaves of plates; [4], 519, [1] pages, [6] leaves of plates; [4], 516, [20] pages, [16] leaves of plates)

6.21.437 Discontinued manifestations

6.21.437.1 If a publication planned for more than one physical unit has been or appears to have been discontinued before completion, describe the incomplete set as appropriate (i.e., record paging for a single volume or the number of volumes for multiple volumes). Always make a Note on extent of manifestation indicating that no more units have been issued (see 6.215.437.1).


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